Fishamble Street is a street in Dublin, Ireland within the old city walls.

In the 18th century, a tavern on the street, the Bull's Head, was one of the most popular and well known establishments in Dublin, and was in demand for anniversary and celebratory dinners by the various city guilds and bodies. It also provided accommodation for assemblies of the Grand Lodge of Irish Freemasons. The Bull's Head Musical Society was also well known and undertook the building of a Music Hall which was formally opened in 1741.

The street is famous as the site of the first performance of Handel's Messiah which took place in the aforementioned Music Hall on 13 April 1742 before an audience of approximately 700 people.

The Messiah is an English-language oratorio composed by George Frideric Handel, and is one of the most popular works in the Western choral literature. Composed in London during the summer of 1741 and premiered in Dublin, Ireland on 13 April 1742, it was repeatedly revised by Handel, reaching its most familiar version in the performance to benefit the Foundling Hospital in 1754.